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With a population of ,  it is the most populous city proper in Belgium, and with a metropolitan area housing around 1, people, it's the second largest metropolitan White City - Boom In The Diamond Industry - Vibe City after Brussels in Belgium.
The Port of Antwerp is one of the biggest in the world, ranking second in Europe   and within the top 20 globally. Both economically and culturally, Antwerp is and has long been an important city in the Low Countriesespecially before and during She Got Me Twisted - Seeed - Next! Spanish Fury and throughout and after the subsequent Dutch Revolt.
Antwerp was also the place of the world's oldest stock exchange building, originally built in and re-built in According to folklorenotably celebrated by a statue in front of the town hallthe city got its name from a legend about a giant called Antigoon who lived near the Scheldt river. He extracted a toll from passing boatmen, and for those who refused, he severed one of their hands and threw it into the river. Hence the name Antwerpenfrom Looking Over My Shoulder - Til Tuesday - Voices Carry hand werpenakin to Old English hand and wearpan to throwwhich has evolved to today's warp.
A longstanding theory is that the name originated in the Gallo-Roman period and comes from the Latin antverpia. Antverpia would come from Ante before Verpia deposition, sedimentationindicating land that forms by deposition in the inside curve of a river which is in fact the same origin as Germanic waerpen. Note that the White City - Boom In The Diamond Industry - Vibe City Scheldt, before a transition period between andfollowed a different track.
This must have coincided roughly with the current ringway south of the city, situating the city within a former curve of the river.
However, John Lothrop Motley argues, and so do a lot of Dutch etymologists and historians, that Antwerp's name derives from " anda" at and "werpum" wharf  to give an 't werf on the wharf, in the same meaning as the current English wharf. Aan 't werp at the warp is also possible. This "warp" White City - Boom In The Diamond Industry - Vibe City ground is a man-made hill or a river deposit, White City - Boom In The Diamond Industry - Vibe City enough to remain dry at high tide, whereupon a construction could be built that would remain dry.
Another word for werp is pol dyke hence polders the dry land behind a dyke, that was no longer flooded by the tide. Alfred Michiels has suggested that derivations based on hand werpenAntverpia"on the wharf", or "at the warp" lack historical backing in the form of recorded past spellings of the placename. He points instead to Dado 's Life of St. Eligius Vita Eligii from the 7th century, which records the form Andoverpis. He sees in it a Celtic origin indicating "those who live on both banks".
Historical Antwerp allegedly had its origins in a Gallo-Roman vicus. Excavations carried out in the oldest section near the Scheldt, — ref. Princetonproduced pottery shards and fragments of glass from mid-2nd century to the end of the 3rd century. The earliest mention of Antwerp dates from the 4th century. In the 4th century, Antwerp was first named, having been settled by the Germanic Franks. The Merovingian Antwerp was evangelized by Saint Amand in the 7th century.
At the end of the 10th century, the Scheldt became the boundary of the Holy Roman Empire. In the 11th century, the best-known leader of the First CrusadeGodfrey of Bouillonwas originally Margrave of Antwerpfrom until his death inthough he was later also Duke of Lower Lorraine and Defender of the Holy Sepulchre In the 12th century, Norbert of Xanten established a community of his Premonstratensian canons at St.
Michael's Abbey at Caloes. Antwerp was also the headquarters of Edward III during his early negotiations with Jacob van Arteveldeand his son Lionelthe Duke of Clarencewas born there in After the silting-up of the Zwin and the consequent decline of Brugesthe city of Antwerp, then part of the Duchy of Brabantgrew in importance.
At the end of the 15th century the foreign trading houses were transferred from Bruges to Antwerp, and the building assigned to the English nation is specifically mentioned in The city attracted Italian and German sugar refiners byand shipped their refined product to Germany, especially Cologne.
London bankers were too small to operate on that scale, and Antwerp had a highly efficient bourse that itself attracted rich bankers from around Europe. After the s, the city's banking business declined: England ended its borrowing in Antwerp in Fernand Braudel states that Antwerp became "the centre of the entire international economy, something Bruges had never been even at its height.
During the first half of the 16th century Antwerp grew to become the second-largest European city north of the Alps. Many foreign merchants were resident in the city. Francesco Guicciardinithe Florentine envoy, stated that hundreds of ships would pass in a day, and 2, carts entered the city each week. Portuguese ships laden with pepper and cinnamon would unload their cargo. According to Luc-Normand Tellier "It is estimated that the port of Antwerp was earning the Spanish crown seven times more revenues than the Americas.
Without a long-distance merchant fleet, and governed by an oligarchy of banker-aristocrats forbidden to engage in trade, the economy of Antwerp was foreigner-controlled, which made the city very cosmopolitan, with merchants and traders from Venetian RepublicRepublic of RagusaSpain and Portugal. Antwerp had a policy of toleration, which attracted a large crypto- Jewish community composed of migrants from Spain and Portugal. Bythe Portuguese had established Antwerp as one of their main shipping bases, bringing in spices from Asia and trading them for textiles and metal goods.
The city's trade expanded to include cloth from England, Italy and Germany, wines from Germany, France and Spain, salt from France, and wheat from the Baltic. The city's skilled workers processed soap, fish, sugar, and especially cloth. Banks helped finance the trade, the merchants, and the manufacturers. The city was a cosmopolitan center; its bourse opened in"To the merchants of all nations. Antwerp experienced three booms during its golden age: the first based Danse Déguisée - Various - Voyage En URSS (Anthologie De La Musique Instrumentale Et Vocale Des Peup the pepper market, a second launched by American silver coming from Seville ending with the bankruptcy of A La Vie.A La Mort (2007) - Southcide 13 - Il Etait Une Fois Le Southcide (Best Of) Volume 1 inand a third boom, after the stabilising Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis inbased on the textiles industry.
In the century afterthe city's economy and population declined dramatically The Portuguese merchants left inand there was much less trade in English cloth. Numerous financial bankruptcies began around Amsterdam replaced Antwerp as the major trading center for the region. The religious revolution of the Reformation erupted in violent riots in Augustas in other parts of the Low Countries.
When the Eighty Years' War broke out incommercial trading between Antwerp and the Spanish port of Bilbao collapsed and became impossible. Subsequently, the city joined the Union of Utrecht in and became the capital of the Dutch revolt. InAlessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenzacaptured it after a long siege and as part of the terms of surrender its Protestant citizens were given two years to settle their affairs before quitting the city.
Antwerp's banking was controlled for a generation by Genoaand Amsterdam became the new trading centre. This impediment remained in force untilalthough the provisions were relaxed during French rule from toand also during the time Belgium formed part of the Kingdom of the United Netherlands to However, he was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo before he could see the plan through. During this attack the town was further damaged. Antwerp was the first city to host the World Gymnastics Championshipsin The Siege of Antwerp lasted for 11 days, but the city was taken after heavy fighting by the German Army, and the Belgians were forced to retreat westwards.
Antwerp remained under German Dont Tell Me (Radio Version) - Lee Ann Womack - Dont Tell Me until the Armistice. Antwerp hosted the Summer White City - Boom In The Diamond Industry - Vibe City . During World War IIthe city was an important strategic target because of its port. After this, the Germans attempted to destroy the Port of Antwerpwhich was used by the Allies to bring new material ashore.
Thousands of RheinboteV-1 and V-2 missiles were fired more V-2s than White City - Boom In The Diamond Industry - Vibe City on all other targets during the entire war combinedcausing severe damage to the city but failed to destroy the port due to poor accuracy.
After the war, Antwerp, which had already had a sizeable Jewish population before the war, once again became a major European centre of Haredi and particularly Hasidic Orthodox Judaism. A Ten-Year Plan for the port of Antwerp — expanded and modernized the port's infrastructure with national funding to build a set of canal docks.
The broader aim was to facilitate the growth of the north-eastern Antwerp metropolitan region, which attracted new industry based on a flexible and strategic implementation of the project as a co-production between various authorities and private parties. The plan succeeded in extending the linear layout along the Scheldt river by Simples Toque - Patrulha Do Espaço - Patrulha Do Espaço new satellite communities to the main strip.
Starting in the s, Antwerp rebranded itself as a world-class fashion centre. It emerged from organized tourism and mega-cultural events. The municipality comprises the city of Antwerp proper and several towns. It is divided into nine entities districts :. Inin preparation of the year development plan for the Port of Antwerpthe municipalities of Berendrecht-Zandvliet-Lillo were integrated into the city territory and lost their administrative independence.
During the merger of municipalities, conducted by the Belgian government as an administrative simplification, the municipalities of BerchemBorgerhoutDeurneEkerenHobokenMerksem and Wilrijk were merged into the city.
At that time the city was also divided into the districts mentioned above. Simultaneously, districts received an appointed district council; later district councils became elected bodies.
In the 16th century, Antwerp was noted for the wealth of its citizens "Antwerpia nummis". However, fire has destroyed several old buildings, such as the house of the Hanseatic League on the northern quays, in Although Antwerp was formerly a fortified city, hardly anything remains of the former enceinteonly some remains of the city wall can be seen near the Vleeshuis museum at the corner of Bloedberg and Burchtgracht.
A replica of a castle named Steen has been partly rebuilt near the Scheldt-quais in the 19th century. Antwerp's development as a fortified city is documented between the 10th and the 20th century. The fortifications were developed in different phases:. This is the population of the city of Antwerp only, not of the larger current municipality of the same name. After the Holocaust and the murder of its many Jews, Antwerp became a major centre for Orthodox Jews.
At present, about 15, Haredi Jews, many of them Hasidiclive in Antwerp. Antwerp has an extensive network of synagogues, shops, schools and organizations. Rabbi Chaim Kreiswirthchief rabbi of the Machsike Hadas community, who died inwas arguably one of the better known personalities to have been based in Antwerp.
An attempt to have a street named after him has received the support of the Town Hall and is in the process of being implemented. The Jains in Belgium are estimated to be around about 1, people. The majority live in Antwerp, mostly involved in the very lucrative diamond business. There are significant Armenian communities that reside in Antwerp, many of them are descendants of traders who settled during the 19th century.
One of the important sectors that Armenian communities in Antwerp excel and involved in is the diamond trade business,     that based primarily in the diamond district. According to the American Association of Port Authoritiesthe port of Antwerp was the seventeenth largest by tonnage port in the world in and second only to Rotterdam in Europe.
It handled Importantly it handles high volumes of economically attractive general and project cargoas well as bulk cargo. Antwerp's docklands, with five oil refineriesare home to a massive concentration of petrochemical industries, second only to the petrochemical cluster in HoustonTexas.
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